Illustration of a relay antenna. 5G technology uses higher frequency bands than those of mobile telephony.
Illustration of a relay antenna. 5G technology uses higher frequency bands than those of mobile telephony. (JOSSELIN CLAIR / MAXPPP)

It was in Nice that the kickoff was given on November 20 by SFR. First operator to be drawn and first city covered by 5G. But not the entire city, only the equivalent of 50% of the population of Nice.

Bouygues Télécom, for its part, will launch its 5G on December 1, but it is not yet known in which city. Orange, for its part, announced the color the day before yesterday, November 25: 5G will be available from December 3 in 15 cities, including Nice, Marseille, Le Mans, Angers and Clermont-Ferrand. Each city will be at least 80% covered, the operator promises, and a total of 160 municipalities will be covered by the end of this year. Finally, there remains the telecoms troublemaker, Free, which has yet to come out of the woods. He spares his surprise effect.

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In cities whose mayors called for a moratorium on 5G last September, in particular Bordeaux, Grenoble, Lille or Nantes, it will take longer. It should be noted, however, that the municipalities do not have the power to oppose the deployment of the new network, which depends on the state. But they can file appeals to delay things. For their part, operators, like Orange, have however announced that they will not try to force their way and that they will play the information and consultation card.

Note the case of Paris, which will not see 5G before 2021. The mayor, Anne Hidalgo, has not signed the famous moratorium but she must take into account the environmentalists who are part of her majority. A “citizen consultation” will be organized for Paris and the inner suburbs. Ordinary citizens will be able to give their opinion, and then the antennas will be on.

It should be remembered that several cities in Korea, China, United States, Great Britain, Spain, Germany, Finland and even Sweden have had 5G, at least partially, for several months or even a few years.

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