Two suspected members of the Syrian intelligence, including a senior officer, appear from Thursday in Koblenz.

A hearing under high security. Two alleged members of the Syrian intelligence services, including a high ranking officer, appear from Thursday, April 23 before the High Court of Koblenz, Germany, for the first trial in the world of the abuses attributed to the regime of Bashar Al-Assad.

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The main suspect, Anwar Raslan, 57, presented as a former state security colonel, is being prosecuted for crimes against humanity. Justice accuses him of being responsible for the death of 58 people, the torture of at least 4,000 others, rape and aggravated sexual abuse between April 29, 2011 and September 7, 2012 in the center of detention of Al-Khatib in Damascus, for which he was responsible.

Also in the accused’s box, Eyad Al-Gharib, 43, appears for complicity in crimes against humanity for having participated in the arrest of demonstrators taken to this prison, between September 1 and October 31, 2011. The two Men, in pre-trial detention since their arrest on February 12, 2019, had fled their country before joining Germany where they had sought asylum like hundreds of thousands of Syrians for nine years.

Anwar Raslan claims to have defected at the end of 2012 and, according to several media, to have joined the ranks of the opposition in exile before his arrival in Germany on July 26, 2014. He faces life imprisonment.

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This trial will be held at least until mid-August. He makes “an important step is the start of an investigation into the crimes [du régime syrien] before a German high court “, underlines Wolfgang Kaleck, secretary general of the German NGO ECCHR, which notably gave support to 16 survivors, some of whom have brought civil actions.